If you only use components, everything should be fine, because this line is added to the Manifest, as Mika said.
But maybe you are using an extension, which reqires this line (with API >=28) and does not add it to the Manifest.
Can you post the Manifest or if you can’t edit it, post the APK. Then we can take a look into it.
You divided back and forth about which version it was in 4+ posts, 1 or 24 but it was 24 the whole time, because ATM added that version 1 value to manifest file and I just pointed out that you should check apktool.yml file instead for version number
One thing I can not find concrete information on, are these two necessary in the manifest file at the same time as he has it in his
I can only find either one or the other but not both
When do the crashes occur? With so many crashes, you’ve certainly received comments from your users, what are they reporting? If you know exactly when the crash occurs, run logcat and post the result here.